Bitewing Intraoral X-Rays
The most common type of digital dental X-ray, Bitewing intraoral X-rays, detail the upper and lower teeth in one part of the mouth. They are typically used to detect tooth decay, bone loss, and gum disease, and to spot developing teeth in children and teens.
During an intraoral bitewing X-ray, the patient bites down on the X-ray sensor while the images are captured. Bitewing intraoral X-rays also allow Dr. Sarah to measure bone height in the patient’s mouth between the gum and jaw. This allows her to diagnose and treat issues such as gum disease and cavities.
Periapical Intraoral X-Rays
Periapical X-rays show the entire tooth, from where the root meets the jaw to the crown of the tooth. These X-rays are used to assess unusual changes to the root and the surrounding bone that may have been caused by injury, fracture, or disease. Periapical X-rays can also help diagnose common oral health issues such as tooth decay, gum disease, and bone loss.
Occlusal Intraoral X-Rays
Occlusal X-rays look at the arch of teeth in either the upper or lower jaw. They can reveal extra teeth, missing teeth, or fractures and growths in the jaw. Dr. Sarah typically uses occlusal X-rays to determine why a tooth has not yet broken through the gums, or if there is extra tooth growth. Occlusal X-rays can also reveal foreign objects that may be stuck in the mouth.